# Accelerated Depreciation Definition, Methods & Calculation Lesson

#### Accelerated Depreciation Definition, Methods & Calculation Lesson

The sum of the years digits method is another accelerated depreciation method. And similar to the double declining depreciation method, higher depreciation occurs in the early years and a lower amount in the latter years. Depreciation means you calculate the loss of value in your equipment. Accelerated depreciation means you depreciate more in the first few years of use of an item.

Therefore, under accelerated depreciation, an asset faces greater deductions in its value in the earlier years than in the later years. Accelerated depreciation is often used as a tax-reduction strategy. Companies often use rapid depreciation methods to reduce taxes in the early years of an asset’s life. It’s important to note that total tax deductions over the life of an asset will be the same no matter what method is used.

Therefore, these are the situations where accelerated depreciation is preferred over straight-line depreciation. Accelerated depreciation would be used when trying to reduce taxes. However, the DDB method involves writing off depreciation which is much higher than the SYD method in earlier years. Let’s assume a particular washing machine is worth \$100,000 with a useful life of 5 years. Accelerated depreciation is the preferred choice for assets whose productivity reduces over time.

## Double-Declining Balancing Method

The sum-of-the-years’-digits (SYD) is an alternative to the DDB method of accelerated depreciation. First, we sum up all the digits of each year in the life of an asset. For an asset having a useful life of five years, each of its years would be 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Accelerated depreciation methods tend to align the recognized rate of an asset’s depreciation with its actual use, although this isn’t technically required.

1. You then take this percentage and multiply it by the current value of your item.
2. As the asset comes closer to the end of its useful life, it faces less annual depreciation, with the net effect of the company realizing a higher reported profit in those later years.
3. First, we sum up all the digits of each year in the life of an asset.
4. For example, if an item has a life of ten years, the basic depreciation percentage is ten percent.

For example, if an item has a life of ten years, the basic depreciation percentage is ten percent. The percentage using the double declining balance method is 20% per year. Each year, you multiply the current depreciated value of the item by the percentage.

## Use of Accelerated Depreciation for Income Tax Reporting

There are two common accelerated depreciation methods you can use. The double-declining balance depreciation method and Sum of the years digits (SYD) method are forms of accelerated depreciation. Accelerated depreciation is when assets lose more value in the earlier years than in later years. Accelerated depreciation is a depreciation method in which a capital asset reduces its book value at a faster (accelerated) rate than it would using traditional depreciation methods such as the straight-line method.

An example of such a situation is discussed in the previous section on Banana Inc. It is a valuable tax incentive that encourages businesses to purchase new assets, thereby contributing to a country’s growth. However, its downside is that it is often misused as part of tax reduction strategies. In the first depreciation year, 5/15 of the depreciable base would be depreciated.

The double-declining balance depreciation method and the sum of years digits method. The double-declining balance depreciation method is calculated by taking the cost of machinery multiplied by 2 and then multiplied by the depreciation percentage. The Double-declining balance depreciation accounting ratios overview examples formulas method or double depreciation method results in more depreciation in the earlier years than the later years of the machinery’s useful life. This can reflect a real-world condition of the cost of machinery being more valuable in the early years than in the later years.

Max, the owner of Banana Inc, purchased a machine for peeling a certain type of banana. Unfortunately, due to its design, it slowly starts to lose productivity. The following formulas will be used in calculating N, the sum of the SYD digits. There are different methods, such as the Double Declining Balance (DDB) and the Sum-of-the-Years-Digits (SYD) method. Assets that have a shorter lifespan and are prone to rapid obsolescence, like technology equipment, are suitable candidates.

## Popular Accelerated Depreciation Methods

Accelerated depreciation methods, such as double-declining balance (DDB), means there will be higher depreciation expenses in the first few years and lower expenses as the asset ages. This is unlike the straight-line depreciation method, which spreads the cost evenly over the life of an asset. The basic depreciation calculation assumes that the equipment is used steadily throughout https://www.online-accounting.net/journal-entry-definition/ its useful life. But sometimes, you need to make accelerated depreciation calculations. This takes into account that some items depreciate more in the first few years of use, so your depreciation amounts in these years are more than later years. In the double-declining balance depreciation method or Double depreciation method, compute the Depreciation percentage first.

## What is Accelerated Depreciation?

In the second year, only 4/15 of the depreciable base would be depreciated. This continues until year five depreciates the remaining 1/15 of the base. As you can see, the depreciation amounts are a bit different for each method. The method you choose depends on how much you want to depreciate the first few years and also on how much more use you get out of the item in the first few years. Let’s go back to the scanner and calculate the depreciation using the sum of the years’ digits for years one and two.

Accelerated depreciation works by reducing the value of the asset faster in the earlier years than in the later years. The first method, where we calculate the reduction in the value of an asset by dividing its value by its useful life in years, is called straight-line depreciation. Rapid methods offer more tax savings in the early years and fewer savings in later years. Since managers of businesses take the Time Value of Money into consideration, it’s better to have the savings early rather than later. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more.

The only benefit of an accelerated method is the timing of the deductions. Accelerated depreciation is one of the depreciation methods where the asset decreases in value faster than the traditional depreciation method such as the straight-line method. Accelerated depreciation is more in the earlier years than in the later years. The double-declining balance (DDB) method is an accelerated depreciation method. After taking the reciprocal of the useful life of the asset and doubling it, this rate is applied to the depreciable base—also known as the book value, for the remainder of the asset’s expected life.